PEDOMETER RESEARCH

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Validation Studies

Marsh, Anthony P.; Vance, Rachel M.; Frederick, Tera L.; Hesselmann, Sarah A.; Rejeski, W. Jack (2007). Objective Assessment of Activity in Older Adults at Risk for Mobility Disability. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(6), 1020-1026.
This study compared three technology types to measure walking activity in older adults and found the NL-2000 to be "the more practical...for use in either research or clinical practice".

Schneider, P. L., S. E. Crouter, and David R. Bassett, Jr. (2004). Pedometer Measures of Free-Living Physical Activity: Comparison of 13 Models. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise, 36 (2), 331-335.
This study, considered one of the most respected, compares 13 pedometers during lifestyle activity (how we actually USE  them).

Schneider, P. L., S. E. Crouter, O. Lukajic, and D. R. Bassett, Jr. (2003). Accuracy and Reliability of 10 Pedometers for Measuring Steps over a 400-m Walk. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35 (10), 1779–1784.
This study compares 10 at self-selected speeds around a 400m track.

Crouter, S. E., P. L. Schneider, M. Karabulut, and D. R. Bassett, Jr. (2003). Validity of 10 Electronic Pedometers for Measuring Steps, Distance, and Energy Cost. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35 (8), 1455–1460.
This study compares 10 pedometers on a treadmill as specific speeds.

Crouter, S. E., P. L. Schneider, and D. R. Bassett, Jr. (2005). Spring-Levered versus Piezo-Electric Pedometer Accuracy in Overweight and Obese Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37 (10) 1673-1679.
This study compares the Digiwalker and the NL-2000 on those with waists > 104cm, showing how tilt angle affects the mechanical Digiwalker, but not the piezo-electric NL-series mechanism.

Manning, Thomas F; Janelle L.; McKenzie, James M.; Moss, Alin; Swanson, Shayla L.; Heil, Daniel. (2006). Pedometer Longevity - How Long Will a Pedometer Maintain Step Counting Accuracy? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38 (5) Supplement S557
This study looked at the longevity of pedometers and accelerometers.

Melanson, Ed, J. R. Knoll, M. L. Bell, W. T. Donahoo, J.O. Hill, et. al. (2004) Commercially available pedometers: considerations for accurate step counting. Preventive Medicine, 39, 361–368.
This study highlights the advantages of piezoelectric pedometers.

Swartz, A. M., D. R. Bassett Jr., J. B. Moore, D. L. Thompson, S. J. Strath (2003). Effects of Body Mass Index on the Accuracy of an Electronic Pedometer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 24, 588-592.
This study tests the affects of BMI and placement on pedometer accuracy at speeds over 3mph using the Digiwalker SW-200.

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Lifestyle Activity Research

Bassett Jr., D. R., Schneider, P. L., & Huntington, G. E. (2004). Physical Activity in an Old Order Amish Community. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36(1), 79-85.

Swartz, Ann M., Scott J. Strath, David R. Bassett Jr., Brian Moore, Beth A. Redwine, Maureen Groeër, and Dixie L. Thompson (2003). Increasing daily walking improves glucose tolerance in overweight women. Preventive Medicine, 37, 356–362.

Thompson, D. L., J. Rakow, and S. M. Perdue (2004). Relationship between Accumulated Walking and Body Composition in Middle-Aged Women. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 36 (5), 911–914.

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Pedometer-Related Research

Bjornson, K. F. & Belza, B. (2004). Ambulatory activity monitoring in youth: state of the science. Pediatric Physical Therapy 16(2), 82-89.

Cyarto, E. V., Myers, A. M., & Tudor-Locke, C. (2004).  Pedometer Accuracy in Nursing Home and Community-Dwelling Older Adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36(2), 205-209.

Le Masurier, G. C., Tudor-Locke, C. (2003). Comparison of Pedometer and Accelerometer Accuracy under Controlled Conditions. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 35(5), 867-871.

Ozdoba, R., Corbin, C., & Le Masurier, G. C. (2004). Does reactivity exist in children when measuring activity levels with unsealed pedometers?  Pediatric Exercise Science, 16(2), 158-166.

Sirard, J. R., & Pate, R. R. (2001). Physical Activity Assessment in Children and Adolescents.  Sports Medicine, 31(6), 439-454.

Speck, B. J., & Looney, S. W. (2001). Effects of a Minimal Intervention to Increase Physical Activity in Women:  Daily Activity Records. Nursing Research, 50(6), 374-378.

Tudor-Locke, C., Williams, J. E., Reis, J. P., & Pluto, D. (2004). Utility of Pedometers for Assessing Physical Activity. Sports Medicine, 34(5), 281-291.

Wilde, B. E., Corbin, C. B., & Le Masurier, G. C. (2004). Free-living pedometer step counts of high school students.  Pediatric Exercise Science, 16(1), 44-53.

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Andrews, R., Charlesworth, A., Evans, A., & Cowley, A. (1997). A double blind, cross-over comparison of the effects of a loop diuretic and a dopamine receptor agonist as first line therapy in patients with mild congestive heart failure. European Heart Journal, 18 (5), 852-857.

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Baranowski, T., & de Moor, C. (2000). How many days was that? Intra-individual variability and physical activity assessment. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71 (2), 74-78.

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Bassett Jr., D., Ainsworth, B., Leggett, S., Mathien, C., Main, J., Hunter, D., & Duncan, G. (1996). Accuracy of five electronic pedometers for measuring distance walked. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1071-1077.

Bassett, D., Fr., Cureton, A., & Ainsworth, B. (2000b). Measurement of daily walking distance-questionnaire versus pedometer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32 (5), 1018-1023.

Bassett, D., Jr. (2000). Validity and reliability issues in objective monitoring of physical activity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71 (2), 30-36.

Bassett, D., Jr., Ainsworth, B., Swartz, A., Strath, S., O'Brien, W., & King, G. (2000a). Validity of four motion sensors in measuring moderate intensity physical activity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32, S471-S480.

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Baveystock., C., Schonhofer, B., & Jones, P. (1999). Correlation between daily pedometer counts, exercise performance dyspnea and health status in COPD. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 159, A762W.

Belcher, G., Radomisli, T., Abate, J., Stabile, L., & Trafton, P. (1997). Functional outcome analysis of operatively treated malleolar fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 11 (2), 106-109.

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Coleman, K., Smith, D., Boone, D., Joseph, A., & del Aguila, M. (1999). Step activity monitor: long-term, continuous recording of ambulatory function. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 36, 8-18.

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Dunn, A., Kampert, B., Garcia, M., Kohl, H., & Blair, S. (1999). Comparison of lifestyle and structured interventions to increase physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Journal of the American Medical Association, 327-334.

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Freedson, P., & Miller, K. (2000). Objective monitoring of physical activity using motion sensors and heart rate. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71 (2), S21-S29.

Frey, J., Rochat, T., Pichard, C., Dousse, N., Janssens, J. & Tschopp, J. (1998). Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing home oxygen therapy: a study of clinical parameters, nutritional status and ambulatory capacity. Revue des Maladies Respiratoires (foreign language), 15 (1), 69-78.

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